Agri-Aqua Labs

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Domaine de recherche :
Environnement et ressources
Océans
Type de financement :
H2020
Type d'instrument :
Recherche & Innovation Action
Deadline :
Mercredi 04 Septembre 2019
1ère partie : 23 janvier 2019
Budget indicatif :
5 millions d'euros max. par projet
Budget total :
10 millions d'euros
Code de l'appel : SFS-30-2018-2019-2020
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À noter :

Specific Challenge:

Agriculture and aquaculture are increasingly knowledge-intensive sectors that need to be supported by advances in basic science domains in tandem with translational research. This nexus between basic and applied research requires specific openings for testing ideas and their potential application in plant and animal production, both terrestrial and aquatic.

Recent developments in genomic selection have revolutionised animal breeding and resulted in significant gains in production efficiency of animals. However, our understanding of the biological mechanisms underpinning traits remains limited. Most phenotypes, in particular for traits related to health, biological efficiency and robustness, are complex and a major goal of biological research is to use genome information to predict such complex outcomes.

In the area of crop production there is a fundamental interest in deciphering the dynamic responses of plants as they (pre)adapt to local conditions or adjust their growth and development to changes in the environment within their plasticity range. These adaptive traits are all the more important as plants are sessile and therefore require effective strategies to deal with uncertainty and to tolerate rather than avoid stress. Understanding the different adaptation strategies, and the circumstances that favour one strategy over another, is vital for understanding how annual or perennial crops perform in a given environment or under changing conditions. It will also help to assess how plants may respond to future environmental changes.

Scope:

Looking behind plant adaptation (RIA)

Proposals shall advance our understanding of the ability of plants to (pre)adapt to specific – often extreme - conditions or to react to sudden changes in their environment.

They will look into the specific mechanisms (genetic, epigenetic, physiological, morphological, metabolic…) and dynamics that underlie adaptive processes of crops and how these responses are modulated by the type and severity of conditions/stresses. In studying adaptation of crops to single or multiple abiotic conditions, work shall also establish potential fitness trade-offs. Proposals are expected to improve capacities for modelling plant adaptation responses to better predict changes in plant performance and inform crop improvement and crop management strategies. While taking advantage of findings from (semi) model crops, work shall focus on crop plants and relevant agronomic conditions.

Proposals should foresee a task for joint activities with other projects financed under this topic.

 

Expected Impact:

Results of funded activities will help to create knowledge hubs in their respective domains and develop specific pathways to feed biological insight into agricultural (husbandry, crops) and aquaculture practices.

In the short to medium term work will:

  • provide insight into the range of mechanisms that underpin plant responses (from single cell to whole plant) to specific and/or multiple environmental change;
  • deliver more accurate models for the prediction of crop adaptation in response to environmental stresses ;
  • translate knowledge on the adaptive plasticity of plants and complex genotype by phenotype interactions into crop improvement and management strategies sub-topic.

They will allow making more solid assertions on how crops will respond and can possibly better adapt to the effects of climate change .